Chapter 4: To Become Free in an Unfree Society
Freud and Jung worked with dreams. It was a discovery in the West, a great discovery in a way, because the Western mind had completely forgotten about sleep, about dreams. Western man has existed for at least three thousand years without thinking about dreams and about sleep. Western man has been thinking as if only the waking hours are life, but the waking hours are only two-thirds. If you live sixty years, you will be asleep for twenty years. One-third of life will be in dreams and in sleep. It is a big phenomenon; it takes one-third of your life. It cannot be simply discarded; something is happening there. It is part of you, and not a small part but a major part. Freud and Jung brought back the concept that man has to be understood through his dreams and his sleep, and much has been done along that line. But when Jung starts thinking that this is something towards self-realization, then he has gone too far.
It is good. For psychological health it can be helpful, but psychological health is not existential health.
You may be physically healthy, you may be psychologically healthy, but you may not be existentially healthy at all. On the contrary, when you are psychologically and physically healthy, for the first time you become aware of the existential anxiety, of the anguish inside. Before it you were so occupied with the body and the mind and the illnesses that you couldn’t afford to look at the inward being. When everything is set right, body functions well, mind is not in any trouble, suddenly you become aware of the greatest anxiety in the world - the existential, the spiritual. Suddenly you start asking, “What is the meaning of it all? Why am I here, for what?” This never occurs to an ill man because he is too occupied with the illness. First he has to look after the body, and then he will think. Then he has to look after the mind, and then he will think. Body and mind, if healthy, will allow you for the first time to be really in trouble - and that trouble will be spiritual.
When Jung talks about his analytical psychology as a way to self-realization, he does not know what he is saying. He himself is not a self-realized man. Go deep into Jung’s life, or Freud’s life, and you will find them ordinary human beings. Freud got as angry as anybody, even more than ordinary people. He hated as much as anybody. He was jealous, so much so that when a fit of jealousy came to him, he would fall on the ground and become unconscious. This happened many times in Freud’s life. Whenever jealousy would take him, he would be so disturbed that he would fall into a swoon, a fit. This man, self-realized? Then what about Buddha? Then where will you put Buddha?
Freud lived with ordinary human ambition; the political mind. He was trying to make psychoanalysis a movement just like communism, and he tried to control it. He tried to control it just like any Lenin or Stalin, even more dominatingly. He even declared Jung to be his successor - and look at Jung’s pictures! Whenever I have come upon a picture of Jung, I always look at it very deeply; it is a rare thing. Always look at Jung’s pictures; you will see everything written on the face: the ego. Look at his nose, the eyes, the cunningness, the anger, the ambition; every illness is written on the face. He lived as an ordinary, fear-ridden man. He was very afraid of spirits, ghosts, and very jealous, competitive, argumentative, quarrelsome.