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Chapter 3: The Shadow of Religion

So this has to be remembered: these are not moralistic goals. In fact in the East morality has never been taught as a goal; it is a shadow of religion. When religion happens, morality happens automatically - one need not bother about it. One need not be concerned; it comes on its own accord. In the West morality has been taught as the goal - in fact, as the religion. There exists nothing in the Eastern scriptures like the Ten Commandments, nothing like it.

A life should not be a life following commandments, otherwise you will become a slave. And even if you reach paradise through slavery, your paradise is not going to be enough of a paradise - slavery will remain a part of it. Independence, freedom, should be an intrinsic part of your growth.

So these are hygienic measures. They purify you; they give you inner health.

When purity is attained,

says Patanjali,

there arises in the yogi a disgust for his own body and a disinclination to come in physical contact with others.

There is some difficulty with the word jugupsa. It has been translated in all the translations as disgust because no equivalent word exists in English. It is not disgust, not at all; the very word is wrong. The very word disgust is disgusting. And to think of a yogi, that disgust arises in him for his own body, is simply unbelievable because yogis have cared for their bodies as nobody else has ever cared. They look after their bodies as nobody looks after their bodies; they have beautiful bodies. Look at Mahavira or Buddha - beautiful bodies, very proportionate, like symphonies in matter. No, it is not possible. Disgust is a wrong word; first, it has to be understood.

Jugupsa does not mean disgust. The meaning is very difficult; I will have to explain to you. There are three types of people. One, who are madly in love with their bodies; in fact obsessed. Particularly women - absolutely body-oriented. Look at a woman: she is never happier than when she is facing a mirror. Narcissistic - hours and hours they can devote before the mirror.obsessed. Nothing is wrong in being in front of a mirror, but just being there, for hours, looks like an obsession. This is the first type, who is continuously obsessed with the body - so much so that he forgets that he exists beyond the body. The transcendental is forgotten; he becomes only the body. He does not possess the body; the body possesses him. This is the first type of man.

The second type of man is just the opposite of the first: he is also obsessed - in the reverse direction. He is against the body, disgusted with it: he has broken the mirror. He goes on hurting his own body in millions of ways; he hates it. The first loves it as an obsession; the other moves to the other extreme - he hates it. He wants to commit suicide.

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