Chapter 5: Read between the Lines
The Jainas in this country do the same thing. During Paryushana Parva, their festival of fasting, they go on sitting in their temples, discussing the scriptures. There is no food in sight, no talk of food, not even the smell of food, and they forget all about food - their causes are external. But the introverts will be hungry at the appropriate times; reading the scriptures aloud will make no difference to them.
This then seems to be very strange, because what it means is that those who attain celibacy by going to the wilderness are extroverts. The same will not happen to the introverts by going to the wilderness. But the extrovert cannot become religious; one has to be introverted to become religious. If one has not even this much introvertedness that he can experience the hunger and thirst which are within, how can he possibly experience the soul? - because the soul is even deeper within. How can you go inside when your hunger and thirst are influenced by outer things, and you are not even related to your own hunger and thirst?
The extrovert cannot become religious. But the extrovert is successful in the so-called religious world. The introvert can become religious, but he fails in the so-called religious world. This is very strange! This means that the flock that gathers together in the name of religion is a group of extroverts.
That the Jaina religion could not be developed was basically because of this. It is a group of extroverts with a big emphasis on fasting; introverts cannot succeed there, only the extroverts will. Look closely at the Jaina holy men - the sadhus, the munis - and you will find that they are all extroverts. This is why mysticism could not be born in the Jaina religion, because the mystic is an introvert. As a result the Jaina religion has remained nothing but dry mathematics, full of professionalism and superficial mathematical formulas - what grade of celibacy, how many fasts observed, how little food eaten, what you ate and what you didn’t, how much sleep, what time you got up - all just superficial calculation. Those who succeed in this are all extroverts. No internal music can be born in them.
Life is very complex and contradictory. The man who attains courage by suppressing fear seems to have found fearlessness, but in reality such a person can never attain to fearlessness. Only he who first experiences his inner fear totally - lives it, goes through it, transcends it - can attain to fearlessness. Only then fearlessness is born.
Fearlessness is not the opposite of fear, it is the absence of fear. Courageousness is the opposite of fear, the other extreme from fear. Fearlessness is the complete disappearance of fear, its absence. Courageousness can be very easily practiced, just a little discipline is needed. Even a man who is trembling with fear and afraid in the extreme can be turned into a soldier; all that is needed is a little discipline, a little adjustment, a little gathering of courage; the fear gets suppressed and moves into the unconscious. But to attain fearlessness is very, very difficult because the fear will have to be destroyed from its very roots.