Chapter 10: The Cause of Misery
Freud used to say to his disciples.. It is very difficult, because Freud’s disciples, the psychoanalysts, they are not men who have transcended. They live in the world. They are just experts. But even Freud has suggested to them that while listening to a patient, to someone who is ill, mentally ill, “You remain detached. Don’t get emotionally involved. If you get involved then your advice is futile. Just remain a spectator.”
It even looks very cruel. Somebody is crying, weeping, and you can also feel because you are a human being. But Freud said, “If you are working as a psychiatrist, as a psychoanalyst, you remain uninvolved. You look at the person as if he is just a problem. Don’t look at him as if he is a human being. If you look at him as a human being you are immediately involved, you have become a participant; then you cannot advise. Then whatsoever you say will be prejudiced. Then you are not outside it.”
It is difficult, very difficult, so Freudians have been doing it through many ways. The Freudian psychoanalyst will not face the patient directly, because when you face a person it is difficult to remain uninvolved. If you look in the eyes of a person, you enter him. So the Freudian psychoanalyst sits behind a curtain and the patient lies on a couch.
That too is very significant, because Freud came to understand that if a person is lying down and you are sitting or standing, not looking at him, there is less possibility to get involved. Why? A person who is lying down becomes “a problem,” as if on the surgeon’s table; you can dissect him. And ordinarily this never happens. If you go to meet a person he will not talk to you lying down and you sitting unless he is a patient, unless he is in the hospital.
So Freud insists that his patient should lie down on the couch. So the psychoanalyst goes on feeling that the person is a patient, ill; he has to be helped. He is not really a per-son but a problem, and you need not get involved with him. And he should not face the person, he should not face the patient - just hiding behind a curtain, he will listen to him. Freud says don’t touch the patient, because if you touch, if you take the patient’s hand in your hand, there is a possibility you may get involved.
These precautions have been taken because psychoanalysts are not enlightened persons. But if you go to a buddha there is no need for you to lie down, there is no need to hide you behind a curtain. There is no need for a buddha to remain conscious that he is not to get involved; he cannot get involved. Whatsoever the case, he remains uninvolved.
He can feel compassion for you but he cannot be sympathetic, remember this. And try to understand the distinction between sympathy and compassion. Compassion is from a higher source. A buddha can remain compassionate towards you. He understands you, that you are in a difficulty, but he is not sympathetic with you because he knows it is because of your foolishness that you are in difficulty, it is your stupidity that you are in difficulty.