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Chapter 4: The Four States of Existence

The state in which the soul can perceive gross objects,
such as sound and touch,
is called jagrat, the waking state of the soul.
Gross objects are perceived through the
fourteen instruments - mind, intellect,
accumulated mind, ego and the ten senses
(the five senses of perception
and the five sense-organs of action) -
which are supported by the sun and the other gods.

When in the absence of gross objects,
such as sound and touch,
and due to the unfulfilled
and lingering desires of the waking state,
through the fourteen instruments
the soul perceives gross objects
which are but creations of these desires
- this state is called swapna,
the dreaming state of the soul.

There are four states of human consciousness; we will begin our discussion with the waking state. The sage says, “The state of perception achieved through the instrumentalities of the mind and the senses, helped by the sun and other gods that pervade all around, is the waking state.”

The state in which the soul can perceive gross objects,
such as sound and touch,
is called jagrat, the waking state of the soul.
Gross objects are perceived through the
fourteen instruments - mind, intellect,
accumulated mind, ego and the ten senses -
which are supported by the sun and the other gods.

Consciousness dwells within. Outside is the infinite existence.

There are two ways for contact to happen with this infinite existence. The one which pervades all, the universal, and the other which dwells inside, the individual - there are two ways for them to meet. One is an indirect way; it happens through the doors of the senses. The other is a direct way, immediate, without a medium; that is possible through the transcendence of the senses.

If this outer world is to be known, there are two ways. One way is that I should use the body and know it, and the other way is that I should leave all mediums and know it directly.

Ordinarily, we can’t know the light of the outer world without the eyes, we can’t know the sounds of the outer world without the ears. The senses have to be used for knowing the colors of the outer world. Through these senses we know what is in the outer world, the senses are our mediums of knowledge.

So the knowledge acquired through the senses is as if an incident happened somewhere and then someone comes and informs me. I was not present there in fact, some medium is there to inform me. Certainly I will not receive the news the same as it actually happened, because the interpretation of the messenger will be included in it.

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