Chapter 3: Total Effort or Surrender
There are basic things, there are non-basic things. Basic things have to be fulfilled first, because the non-basic can wait - your philosophy can wait, there is not much necessity for it. But your stomach cannot wait, your stomach has to be fulfilled first; that hunger is more basic. Because of this basic realization, many religions have tried fasting, because if you fast the head cannot think. The energy is not so much, so it cannot be given to the head. But this is a deception. When the energy is there again, the head will start thinking again. This type of meditation is a lie.
If you fast for long, for a few days continuously, the head cannot think. It is not that you have attained to no-mind; simply, now superfluous energy doesn’t exist in you. The body’s needs are first - bodily needs are basic, essential; head’s needs are secondary, superfluous. It is just as you make an economy in your home: if your child is dying you will sell the TV set. There is nothing much involved in it. You can sell the furniture when the child is dying; when you are hungry, you can even sell the house. First things first - that is the meaning of economy - second things second. And the head is the last; it is only one percent of you, and that too superfluous. You can exist without it.
Can you exist without the stomach? Can you exist without the heart? But you can exist without the head. And when you pay too much attention to the head, you are completely upside down. You are doing shirshasan: standing on the head. You have completely forgotten that a head is not essential.
When you only give your head to an inquiry, it is jigyasa. Then it is a luxury. You can become a philosopher and sit in an armchair, rest and think. Philosophers are like luxurious furniture. If you can afford it good, but it is not a life-and-death problem. So Patanjali says the man of kutuhal, the man of curiosity, cannot achieve; the man of jigyasa, inquiry, will become a philosopher.
Then there is the third man whom Patanjali calls the man of mumuksha. This word mumuksha is difficult to translate, so I will explain it. Mumuksha means the desire to be desireless, the desire to be completely liberated, the desire to get out of the wheel of existence, the desire not to be born again, not to die again, the feeling that it is enough - born millions of times, dying again and again, moving in the same vicious circle. Mumuksha means to become the ultimate dropout, from the very wheel of existence. Bored, suffering, and one wants to get out of it. The inquiry becomes now a life-and-death problem. Your whole being is at stake. Patanjali says only a man of mumuksha - in whom the desire for moksha, liberation, has arisen - can become a religious man, and then too because he is a very, very logical thinker.
Then too there are three types of men who belong to the category of mumuksha. The first type of man who belongs to mumuksha puts one-third of his being into the effort. Putting one-third of your being into the effort you will attain something. What you will attain will be a negative achievement: you will not be tense - this has to be understood very deeply - but you will not be calm. You will not be tense - tensions will drop - but you will not be tranquil, calm, cool. The attainment will be negative. You will not be ill, but you will not be healthy also. Illness will disappear. You will not feel irritated, you will not feel frustrated, but you will not feel fulfilled also. The negative will drop, the thorns will drop, but the flower will not come.