Chapter 1: The Golden Mean
Listen, and in thine heart engrave my words,
Keep closed both eye and ear ‘gainst prejudice,
Of others the example fear; think for thyself.
Consult, deliberate, and freely choose.
Let fools act aimlessly and without cause,
Thou shouldst, in the present; contemplate the future.
That which thou dost not know, pretend not that thou dost.
Instruct thyself: for time and patience favor all.
Neglect not thy health.
.Dispense with moderation
Food to the body and to the mind repose.
Too much attention or too little shun;
For envy thus, to either excess is alike attached.
Luxury and avarice have similar results.
One must choose in all things a mean just and good.
Pythagoras also introduced the word cosmos.
Cosmos means order, rhythm, harmony. Existence is not a chaos but a cosmos. Pythagoras has contributed much to human thought, to human evolution. His vision of a cosmos became the very foundation of scientific investigation.
Science can exist only if existence is a cosmos. If it is a chaos, there is no possibility of any science. If laws change every day, every moment - one day the water evaporates at one hundred degrees, another day at five hundred degrees - if water functions in a whimsical way and follows no order, how can there be a science?
Science presupposes that existence functions in a consistent way, in a rational way, that existence is not mad, that if we search deep into existence, we are bound to find laws - and those laws are the keys to all the mysteries.
Just as it is true for science so it is true for religion too - because religion is nothing but the science of the inner. The outer science is called science; the inner science is called religion - but both can exist only in a cosmos.
There are laws of the inner world. Those laws have been discovered just as much as scientific laws have been discovered. Neither have scientific laws been invented, nor have religious laws; been invented. Truth is - you need not invent it And whatsoever you invent will be untrue - all inventions are lies.
Truth has to be discovered, not invented. Einstein discovers a certain law; Patanjali also discovers a certain law; Newton discovers gravitation, Krishna discovers grace - both are laws. One belongs to the earth, the other belongs to the sky; one belongs to the world of necessity, the other belongs to the world of power. One belongs to the visible and the other belongs to the invisible.