Chapter 2: Attraction to the Difficult
A follower of Confucius was passing. He said to this old man, “Haven’t you heard? This is very primitive. Why are you wasting your breath? Now bullocks can be used, horses can be used. Haven’t you heard that in the town, in the cities, nobody is working like this now, the way you are working? It is very primitive. Science has progressed fast.”
The old man said, “Wait, and don’t talk so loudly. When my son is gone, then I will reply.” When the son had gone to do some work, he said, “Now, you are a dangerous person. If my son ever hears about this, he will immediately say, ‘Okay! Then I don’t want to pull this. I can’t do this work of a bullock. A bullock is needed.’”
The disciple of Confucius said, “What is wrong in that?”
The old man said, “Everything is wrong in it because it is cunningness. It is deceiving the bullock; it is deceiving the horse. And one thing leads to another. If this boy who is young and not wise discovers that you can be cunning with animals, then he will wonder why you cannot be cunning with man. Once he knows that you can exploit through cunningness, then I don’t know where he will stop. You will please go from here, and never come back again on this road. Don’t bring such cunning things to this village. We are happy.”
Lao Tzu is against science. He says science is cunningness. It is deceiving nature, exploiting nature - through cunning ways, forcing nature. And the more a man becomes scientific, the more cunning he becomes; it has to be so. An innocent man cannot be scientific, it is difficult. But man has become cunning and clever, and Patanjali, knowing well that to be scientific is a cunningness, also knows that man can only be brought back to nature through a new device, a new cunningness.
Yoga is the science of the inner being. Because you are not innocent, you have to be brought back to nature through a cunning way. If you are innocent, no means are needed, no methods are needed. A simple understanding, a childlike understanding and you will be transformed. But you are not. That’s why you feel that Patanjali seems to be very great. It is because of your head oriented mind and your cunningness.
The second thing to remember: he appears difficult. You think Heraclitus is simple? Patanjali appears difficult; that too becomes an appeal for the ego. The ego always wants to do something which is difficult, because against the difficult you feel you are someone. If something is very simple, how can the ego feed out of it?
People come to me and they say, “Sometimes you teach that just by sitting and doing nothing it can happen. How can it be so simple? How can it be so easy?” Says Chuang Tzu, “Easy is right,” but these people say, “No! How can it be so easy? It must be difficult - very, very difficult, arduous.”