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Chapter 3: Five Modifications of Mind

You are in misery. That is because for many lives you have used your mind wrongly and the mind has become the master; you are just a slave, a shadow following the mind. You cannot say to the mind, “Stop!” You cannot order your own mind; your mind goes on ordering you and you have to follow it. Your being has become the shadow and the slave, an instrument.

Mind is nothing but an instrument, just like your hands or your feet. You order your feet - your legs, they move. When you say stop, they stop. You are the master. If I want to move my hand, I move it. If I don’t want to move, I don’t move it. The hand cannot say to me, “Now I want to be moved.” The hand cannot say to me, “Now I will move. Whatsoever you do, I am not going to listen to you.” And if my hand starts moving in spite of me, then it will be a chaos in the body. The same has happened in the mind.

You don’t want to think and the mind goes on thinking. You want to sleep - you are lying down on your bed, changing sides; you want to go to sleep and the mind continues. The mind says, “No, I am going to think about something”; you go on saying, “Stop!” and it never listens to you. And you cannot do anything. Mind is also an instrument but you have given it too much power. It has become dictatorial, and it will struggle hard if you try to put it in its right place.

Buddha also uses the mind, but his mind is just like your legs. People go on coming to me and they ask, “What happens to the mind of an enlightened one? Does it simply disappear? He cannot use it?”

It disappears as a master, it remains as a slave. It remains as a passive instrument. If a Buddha wants to use it, he can use it. When Buddha speaks to you he will have to use it, because there is no possibility of speech without the mind. The mind has to be used. If you go to Buddha and he recognizes you - that you have also been before - he has to use the mind: without mind there can be no recognition, without mind there is no memory. But he uses the mind, remember - this is the distinction - and you are being used by the mind. Whenever he wants to use it, he uses it. Whenever he doesn’t want to use it, he doesn’t use it. It is a passive instrument, it has no hold upon him.

So Buddha remains like a mirror. If you come before the mirror, the mirror reflects you. When you move the reflection is gone, the mirror is vacant. You are not like a mirror. You see somebody: the man has gone but the thinking continues, the reflection continues. You go on thinking about him. And even if you want to stop, the mind won’t listen.

Mastery of the mind is Yoga. And when Patanjali says, “Cessation of the mind,” this is meant: cessation as a master. Mind ceases as a master. Then it is not active, then it is a passive instrument. You order, it works; you don’t order, it remains still. It is just waiting. It cannot assert by itself. The assertion is lost, the violence is lost. It will not try to control you: now just the reverse is the case.

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