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Chapter 9: Both and More

Into a blinding darkness go they who worship action alone.
Into an even greater darkness go they who worship meditation.

For It is other than meditation,
It is other than action.
This we have heard from the enlightened ones.

Meditation and action -
He who knows these two together,
Through action leaves death behind
and through meditation gains immortality.

Into a blinding darkness go they who idolize the Absolute,
Into an even greater darkness go they who dote on the relative.

For It is other than the relative,
It is other than the Absolute.
This we have heard from the enlightened ones.

Purnam adaha
Purnam idam
Purnat purnamudachyate
Purnasya purnamadaya
Purnameva vashishyate

That is the Whole.
This is the Whole.
From wholeness emerges wholeness.
Wholeness coming from wholeness,
wholeness still remains.

P.D.Ouspensky has written a tremendously significant book, Tertium Organum. The fundamental of Tertium Organum is based and rooted in this sutra: From the whole comes the whole, yet the whole remains behind, intact. From that comes this. That is whole, this is whole, but even though it has come from the whole, the whole is not reduced in any way. It remains the same, as if nothing has been taken out of it.

This is a strange mantra, one of the most strange ones, because it goes against the very idea of arithmetic. It belongs to meta-mathematics. The ordinary mathematics will not agree with this. If you take something from anything, then that much is reduced in the original, and if you take the whole then nothing is left behind.

Ouspensky has done a great service to humanity by proposing a higher mathematics, a mathematics of the beyond. That’s what the Upanishads are.

First: the whole is not a finite entity. If it is finite, then of course if you take something out of it, it will be reduced, it will not be the same any more. The whole is infinite, so whatsoever you take from it, it remains still the infinite.

And where you can take? The whole pervades all, so the very idea of taking is just an idea. As far as reality is concerned nothing is taken out of it and nothing is added unto it; it is always as it has always been.

Secondly: in the ordinary mathematics the whole is the sum total of its parts; in the higher mathematics that is not so. The whole is not the sum total of its parts, it is more than that. That “more” is very significant. If you cannot understand that more you will remain absolutely unaware of the religious dimension of things.

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