Chapter 47: We Shall Be Again Together
In Mohenjo Daro and Harappa they found seven layers. As the excavation went on, it became more and more puzzling. It seems Harappa and Mohenjo Daro suffered seven calamities - perhaps earthquakes, perhaps floods, there is no way to say. But one thing is certain, that the first layer is seven thousand years old, what to say about the seventh layer? It cannot be that within just a few days a great culture, a great city would arise, would be destroyed by some calamity, and another city would be raised on top of it. Those seven layers show that Harappa must have existed thousands of years earlier than seven thousand years ago - the top layer is seven thousand years old.
There was a time when they had stopped digging after the first layer. To their conditioning, more was impossible; even this was impossible, because every scientific investigator said that all these things were seven thousand years old - it didn’t fit into the Christian framework. So they stopped, thinking that this was all.
But a few of the excavators felt that a little more excavation was needed, to be completely sure that this was the only layer that had existed. And they found another layer underneath it, another vast city; then they went on digging. Even the seventh layer, which must be at least fifty or sixty thousand years old, is amazing.
I have been to the place. It is amazing because it shows that somehow those people had reached even higher standards of technology, science, culture, because the roads were as wide as the roads of New York, and such wide roads are not needed if you don’t have vehicles, traffic.
Varanasi is said by the Hindus to be the oldest Hindu city, and you can see the difference. A car cannot enter the older part, the roads are very narrow - people were simply walking; sunlight almost never enters in those roads, and on both sides there are high buildings. The road is so narrow that only a small rickshaw can enter, and it is always one-way traffic - two rickshaws cannot pass each other. Why in Harappa and Mohenjo Daro did they make sixty foot wide highways? - very straight, beautiful crossroads?
Another amazing thing was that they had a water supply system - which is not even available today to thousands of villages in India. They had a certain arrangement that water could reach through pipes to every house, and they had rooms with attached bathrooms.
Just one hundred years ago there was a case before the Supreme Court of America, because someone learned from the continent, Europe, that a bathroom could be attached to the bedroom. This was really comfortable - otherwise, people were accustomed to outhouses. A man first built an attached bathroom in America only one hundred years ago, and the Christian archbishop of America dragged him to the court. He was condemned all over America - “He is dirty, he has a bathroom attached to his bedroom.” Traditionally, the bathroom has to be a little far away, at the back of the house.