Chapter 1: The Meaning of Samadhi
When you say yes, you find more and more things to say yes to. When you say yes, you become a yea-sayer. Life is affirmed, and you absorb through your yes all that is good, beautiful, all that is true. “Yes” becomes the door in you for the divine to enter, “no” becomes a closed door. With your door closed, you are a hell, with your doors open, all doors open, existence flows in you. You are fresh, young, alive; you become a flower.
Vitarka, vichar, ananda: Patanjali says if you are attuned with vitarka - a positive reasoning - then you can be a thinker, never before it. Then thinking arises. He has a very different meaning of thinking. You also think that you think; Patanjali will not agree. He says you have thoughts, but no thinking. That’s why I say it is difficult to translate him.
He says you have thoughts, vagrant thoughts like a crowd, but no thinking. Between your two thoughts there is no inner current. They are uprooted things, there is no inner planning. Your thinking is a chaos, it is not a cosmos; it has no inner discipline. It is just like you see a rosary. There are beads; they are held together by an invisible thread running through them. Thoughts are beads; thinking is the thread. You have beads - too many, in fact, more than you need - but no inner running thread. That inner thread is called by Patanjali, thinking - vichar. You have thoughts, but no thinking. And if this goes on and on, you will become mad. A madman is a man who has millions of thoughts and no thinking, and sampragyata samadhi is the state when there are no thoughts, but thinking is perfect. This distinction has to be understood.
Your thoughts, in the first place, are not yours - you have gathered them. Just in a dark room, sometimes a beam of light comes from the roof, you see millions of dust particles floating in the beam. When I look into you I see the same phenomenon: millions of dust particles. You call them thoughts. They are moving in you and out of you. From one head they enter another and they go on. They have their own life.
A thought is a thing; it has its own existence. When a person dies, all his mad thoughts are released immediately and they start finding shelter somewhere or other. Immediately they enter those who are around. They are like germs, they have their own life. Even when you are alive you go on dispersing your thoughts all around you. When you talk, then of course you throw your thoughts into others. But when you are silent, then also you are throwing thoughts all around. They are not yours; that is the first thing.
A man of positive reasoning will discard all thoughts that are not his own. They are not authentic, he has not found them through his own experience. He has accumulated from others, borrowed. They are dirty, they have been in many hands and heads. A man of thinking will not borrow, he would like to have a fresh thought of his own. And if you are positive, and if you look at the beauty, at the truth, at the goodness, at the flowers, if you become capable of seeing even in the darkest night that the morning is coming nearer, you will become capable of thinking.