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Chapter 5: On the Qualities of the Taoist

Osho,
Lao Tzu says on the qualities of the Taoist:

When the highest type of men hear the Tao (truth),
They try hard to live in accordance with it,
When the mediocre type hear the Tao,
They seem to be aware and yet unaware of it.
When the lowest type hear the Tao,
They break into loud laughter (
If it were not laughed at, it would not be Tao.

Therefore there is the established saying:
“Who understands Tao seems dull of comprehension;
Who is advanced in Tao seems to slip backwards;
Who moves on the even Tao (path) seems to go up and down.”

Superior character appears like a hollow (valley);
Sheer white appears like tarnished;
Great character appears like insufficient;
Solid character appears like infirm;
Pure worth appears like contaminated.

The greatest myth that I have come across is that of mankind. There exists nothing like it. There are as many mankinds as there are men, there is not one kind. Every man is so different from every other that a “humanity” does not exist. It is just a word, an abstraction.

You appear to be similar but you are not, and that myth has to be thrown away ( only then can you penetrate deeper into the reality of man. No old psychology ever believed that humanity exists. In fact, if we are going to classify, all the ancient psychologies classify man in three divisions. In India we have divided humanity into three parts: satwa, rajas, tamas. Lao Tzu has not given the names but he also divides humanity into three kinds exactly the same.

These three divisions are also arbitrary. We have to classify to understand, otherwise there are as many mankinds as there are men, every man is a world in himself. But this classification helps to understand many things, many things that would be impossible to understand without it.

Try to understand the classification as clearly as possible.

When the highest type of men hear the Tao (truth),
They try hard to live in accordance with it,
When the mediocre type hear the Tao,
They seem to be aware and yet unaware of it.
When the lowest type hear the Tao,
They break into loud laughter (
If it were not laughed at, it would not be Tao.

The first is satwa, the second is rajas, the third is tamas.

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