15. The variation in transformation is caused by the variety in the underlying process.
16 By performing sanyama on the three kinds of transformation – nirodh, samadhi and ekagrata – knowledge of past and future.
17. The sound and the purpose and idea behind it are together in the mind in a confused state. By performing sanyama on the sound, separation happens and there arises comprehension of the meaning of sounds made by any living being.
18. By observing past impressions, knowledge of previous births is obtained.
There is a parable in Friedrich Nietzche’s The Gay Science.
A madman enters a marketplace with a lantern, crying. “I see God! I see God!” but the busy crowd is unconcerned at his outbursts and laughs at his comical antics. Turning suddenly on them he demands, “Whither is God? I shall tell you, we have killed him – you and I.” But as they ignore the enormity of his announcement, he finally flings his lantern to the ground and cries. “I come too early. My time has not come yet. This tremendous event is still on its way.”
This parable is tremendously significant. As man grows, his God changes. Has to be so because man creates his own God in his own image. It is not vice versa. It is not as it is said in the Bible that God creates man in his own image. Man creates God in his own image. When man’s image changes, his God obviously changes. And there comes a point in man’s growth when God disappears completely. God as a personal God is out of the immature mind of humanity.
Existence as divine is a totally different concept. Then God is not a personal being somewhere high in the heaven ruling the world, manipulating, controlling, managing. No, all that nonsense disappears as man becomes mature. It is a childhood concept of God, a childish concept of God. If a small child is to understand God, he has to understand as a personal being. When humanity grows and becomes mature, that God is to die. Then a totally different existence arises. Now the whole existence is divine – not that there is God.
For Nietzsche himself, this realization that there is no personal God was too much. He could not bear it: he went insane. He was not ready himself to understand what insight had happened to him. He himself was childish; he needed a personal God. But he meditated upon it, and as he meditated, the more and more he became aware that that God is no longer there in the skies. It is dead. And he also became aware that he has been killed by us.