assembled on the field of righteousness,
the ground of the Kuru,
and desirous of war,
what did my sons and the sons of Pandu do?
Then the prince Duryodhana
having seen the army of the Pandavas
strategically drawn up for battle,
approached his teacher, Dronacharya, and said:
“O most-honored teacher,
behold this mighty army of Pandu’s sons
which your own clever pupil, the son of Drupada,
has strategically arranged.
“Here are brave warriors and great archers,
equal to Bheema and Arjuna;
men such as Yuyudhana, Virata
and Drupada the great archer.
“Also, Dhrishtaketu, Chekitana,
the valiant king of Kashi,
and Shaibya the best among men.
“Mighty Yudhamanyu and powerful Uttamauja;
the son of Subhadra
as well as the sons of Draupadi –
all of them great commanders.
“Also know, O first among brahmins,
of the outstanding men on our side;
and for your information I will name
the commanders of my army.
“You yourself, then Bheeshma, and Karna,
and Kripa, ever-victorious in battle;
similarly, Ashvatthama, Vikarna,
and the son of Somadatta.
“And many other valiant heroes
ready to lay down their lives for me,
armed with many kinds of weapons,
and all highly skilled in war.
“Our army, safeguarded by Bheeshma,
is invincible in every way,
while theirs, with Bheema at the helm,
will be easy enough for us to vanquish.
“Therefore, standing firm on all fronts,
each in his respective place,
guard Bheeshma with your lives
every one of you.”
Hearing these words of Duryodhana
addressed to Dronacharya,
the most valiant grandsire Bheeshma
the eldest among the Kauravas,
roared aloud like a lion and blew his conch shell
to gladden the heart of Duryodhana.
Then, conches and kettledrums,
tambours, drums and horns
were played and struck together
making a tumultuous sound.
sitting in their magnificent chariot,
which was yoked to pure white horses,
Krishna and Arjuna blew their wondrous shells.
Krishna blew his conch named Panchajanya,
and Arjuna his named Devadatta.
Bheema, an accomplisher of splendid deeds
and a man of enormous appetite,
blew his mighty conch, Paundra.
King Yudhishthira, the son of Kunti,
blew his conch named Anantvijaya,
and Nakula and Sahadeva
blew theirs named Sughosha and Manipushpaka.
And then, O Lord of Earth,
the superb archer, the King of Kashi,
the great commanding archer Shikhandi,
Dhrishtaddumna and King Virata,
and the invincible Satyaki, King Drupada
and all the sons of Draupadi,
and the strong-armed son of Subhadra,
each blew his own especial conch.
And resounding through the heavens
and through the earth,
the tumultuous uproar
rent the hearts of Dhritarashtra’s sons.