Yoga says: Energy has two dimensions, and one who understands both dimensions moves into yoga, into union. One who holds on to half becomes a non-yogi, a non-meditative person. One who holds on to half is called an indulger; one who embraces the whole we call a yogi, a meditator.
Yoga means the total. Yoga means addition. In the language of mathematics, yoga also means addition. And in the language of spirituality, yoga means integrated, the total, the whole, entire.
We don’t call someone who is an enemy to yoga an indulger. We call someone an indulger who holds on to half, one who lives considering the half as the whole. A meditator has come to know the whole; hence he holds on to nothing.
It is interesting to note that those who hold always hold on to the half, but one who has come to know the total, the whole, simply doesn’t hold on to anything. Why would one who has seen that birth and death are one hold on to birth? And why too would one hold on to death when one knows that death is part of birth? If you know that pleasure and pain are not separate, why hold on to pleasure? And why hold on to pain when you know that pain is associated with pleasure? In fact, the one who knows that pleasure and pain are two sides of the same coin – they are not two things, they are two dimensions of one thing – is a meditator. Hence a meditator goes beyond clinging.
It is useful to understand the second sutra rightly: energy has two forms. And we go on making efforts to cling to one form. Someone clings to youth and then suffers old age; he is not aware that old age is the other part of youth. In fact, youth means a state that is growing old; youth means a journey towards old age.
And remember, an old man doesn’t grow older as rapidly as a young man does. Youth means the energy to become old. Old means the spent energy of youth, the finished energy of youth. They are two sides of one coin. One is the front door of the house, the other is the back door.
Theists and atheists cling to one or the other half of all the dualities of life – birth and death, pleasure and pain, existence and non-existence. Hence, as yoga sees it, both are ignorant. The theist says God is. A theist cannot even think that God can also be nonexistent. But the theist is very weak because he is putting God outside the law. Laws are applicable to all alike. If there is a God, its non-existence will also be there.
The atheist is clinging to the other part; he says that God doesn’t exist. But anything which is not can also exist. And to deny it so strongly indicates the fear that maybe God does exist; otherwise there is no need to deny it. When a theist insists that God exists and he is ready to fight for this, then he is also showing his fear that God may not exist; otherwise why does it matter? – if someone says there is no God, let him say it. A theist is ready to fight because he is holding on to one part of his God.