At the gates of universities in India, it is written, “Education is that which liberates.” Today in India everyone agrees that the education system is a mess, but no one tries to change it. What are the defects of the education system in India? What kind of education can be helpful for the inner and outer growth of the individual so that the new man and the new society can be born? What subjects are needed for the right type of education?
Education is certainly the process of liberation, but it has not been actualized anywhere in the world.
Liberation means liberating the mind from the past, liberating the mind from theologies, liberating the mind from political ideologies; liberating the mind in such a way that when a student comes out of education he is just a clean pure seeker with no prejudice.
That beautiful sentence at the gates of the universities in India, simply shows how man can be unaware and a hypocrite.
In India, there are Mohammedan universities, Hindu universities. The first step should be that there should be no Mohammedan university. How can it liberate people? – it is going to program people into Mohammedanism. There should be no Hindu university. This is simply ugly. Now Jainas have been trying to create a new university, a Jaina university. In the West there are Catholic universities.
Liberation becomes impossible by the very fact that the university itself has a certain prejudice, a certain program to put into the minds of the students.
So my suggestion is: first dissolve Hindu, Mohammedan, Jaina, Catholic – these names, from the universities.
Secondly: India is a poor country yet it has more than one hundred universities, which is simply futile, meaningless. At the most, each state in India can have one university. Right now each state has almost five, six, seven universities. There are thirty states and there is a competition to have more and more universities. The ultimate result is that the standard of their education goes on falling.
Consolidate universities so that each state has one university, all other universities become colleges affiliated to that university. There is no need for so many universities. It is a wastage of money; and when you have so many universities you cannot get the best geniuses as professors.
To do that, India has many services, for example, the Indian Administrative Service – IAS. It should have an Indian Educational Service – IES.
Just because somebody has a university degree does not mean that he becomes automatically capable of teaching. Teaching is a totally different art. Passing an examination is one thing; teaching is totally different. It needs articulateness, it needs a vast range of knowledge – not only the textbooks that you have read in the university – it needs you to be constantly in touch with the growing knowledge.