For example, in India things have been very clear. For five thousand years the politician and the priest have been in the same business. In India Hinduism divided the society into four classes. The first class is of the brahmins, the priests. They are the highest people. They own nothing; brahmins are poor, but their ego is tremendously fulfilled – they are the highest people.
Even the king is lower, because kings belong to the second category of people, the warriors, the kshatriyas. They have all the power, all the money, but they accept the priest as higher than themselves. They go and touch the feet of the priest, because this way the masses, who are following the priests and the religion, are for the king. What humility, what humbleness! And it is sheer politics.
The third class is that of the businessman. The brahmin is poor because whatsoever he does cannot create wealth. He prays for people, arranges marriage. From birth to death, he does every kind of ritual; that is his profession, but out of that he cannot become rich. Poor people are all around. How much can you exploit them? They have been sucked for centuries, and the brahmin is only a parasite. But the poor masses don’t have blood anymore.
So the third position in the society is given to the businessman, who is the richest – richer than the warriors, richer than the brahmins. Because of his richness he is accepted as just below the kings. In India kings have been borrowing money from businessmen. There were no banks in the past; the business people had all the money. They were providing kingdoms with all the money they needed, on loan, on rent, on interest. The king needs money for the army, for new invasions; the king needs money for all his glory and show, marble palaces, golden thrones. From where is he going to get it? The poor brahmin cannot give it to him; the poor brahmin is used as the support for the masses. Businessmen cannot be used for that purpose, because the masses are poor, and are always against the rich.
Even ten thousand years before Karl Marx, the poor man was always a communist. He may not know the word, but he can see that he is being exploited. He works hard from morning till evening. He works the whole year, and then too he is hungry. He produces everything, but everything is taken away by the businessman, because the businessman has provided him with seeds. The businessman gave him money for his daughter’s marriage. So all the poor people are in debt to the businessman; they cannot revolt, but they cannot love the rich man either. They can see what is happening. They are not blind. The poor people are the fourth class, the lowest.
There is a good arrangement: no movement is possible from one class into another. The lowest, the fourth class – the sudras, untouchables – is prohibited from education because with education he may start having ambitions. Then why should he go on cleaning people’s toilets when he can become a teacher in a school? If he is well qualified to be a professor in the university, then why he should go on making shoes for people? It is better to prohibit him from the very beginning, so sudras are prohibited from education.