The problem was again the same: He made the catalogue; now, whether to include this catalogue in the master catalogue or not? The problem had become now more complex. If he does not include the catalogue then one catalogue which does not include itself in it is left out. The order is clear – the catalogues which do not include themselves are to be in the catalogue.
So the first problem is, if he does not include it then the order is not fulfilled; one catalogue of the same category has been left out. On the other hand, if he includes it then he is not fulfilling the order rightly. He is including one catalogue which includes itself in the master catalogue which is supposed to have only those catalogues which do not include themselves.
Russell sent this paradox to Frege and asked him what his suggestion was as to what should be done. “You are the master authority on dissolving paradoxes, it is a mathematical question.” Frege was shattered – his whole life’s work was finished. He was a world famous mathematician…but he did not publish the books which he had finished, in which he had proved that a man-made system is possible without paradoxes, because this paradox…. His masterpiece, his thesis on mathematics, was published posthumously, when he died, because he refused to publish it. What would he answer to Bertrand Russell?
I remind you because this is actually the question. I have been telling you to be rebellious, not to be orthodox, not to be conventional; be individual, a rebel. The problem is, What to do in this commune of rebels? It is exactly the same problem.
If you are in tune with everybody in the commune, you are no longer a rebel; you have become part of the society, part of a group, part of an organization. Where is your rebellion? You have become orthodox. And I am against your being orthodox.
The second alternative is to rebel, but to rebel against rebellious people can only mean that you become again orthodox, conventional.
It is the same paradox. Paradoxes are all the same; you just have to find out where the similarity is. But to me there is no paradox because I am not Frege. Nobody can shatter me. I am not Bertrand Russell. I can see something more in life than mathematics and philosophy.
Paradoxes exist only in man’s mind.
If you have the insight of no-mind there are no paradoxes at all.
All mind systems will have paradoxes, you cannot avoid them. Sooner or later you will stumble upon the paradox in every man-made system.
But there is something which is not man-made:
Existence is absolutely beyond paradoxes.
In fact it is something that is not only beyond paradoxes but which enjoys paradoxes, contradictions, and makes a harmony out of contradictions. Contradictions turn into complementaries.