Science is based on logic. It is an extension of logic, so it analyzes. Its method is analysis. You can give anything to science and it will divide it in pieces. That is how science has reached the atom, by dividing matter more and more.
Religion goes beyond logic. Religion says that through analysis you can never know the whole. By breaking things into pieces the pieces can be understood, but in this way how can you know the whole? You may know what an atom is but how can you know the whole?
These are two extremes: if you go on analyzing you will reach the atom and if you go on synthesizing you will reach the whole. The whole means the absolute unity of all beyond which nothing can be added. And an atom is the last division beyond which no more division is possible. Hence the end-result of a scientific search is the micro and the end-result of the religious search is the macro. These are the two extremes. Science begins from duality and ends in multiplicity; religion also begins from duality but ends in oneness.
The religious process is a synthesis, a joining of more and more until nothing is left to join. When everything is united, that unity is called God. God is not an individual – it is the name for the ultimate unity of all existence. In that unity all separate differences dissolve into oneness.
In science, all separate differences will become more clear because it is a process of analyzing. That is why science not only divides things into parts, it also divides itself. Five hundred years ago the word science was meaningful; now there is nothing like science. Now there is physics, chemistry, biology, but nothing like science. If you ask what a scientist is it will be difficult to say. Now there is a physicist, a chemist or a biologist but there is no scientist. Just as it has divided everything else, science has also divided itself. It has divided itself into many small branches and among these branches also there is no uniting factor.
At present the greatest difficulty of man is that between all the various branches of knowledge there is no harmony, no relationship. The physicist does not know what the chemist is doing because physics itself has expanded so much that even if a man lives for a thousand years he will not be able to know all of it. In the same way, chemistry itself has developed so much that nobody will be able to know it completely.
In ancient days one doctor would treat all diseases; this is no longer the case. Now if there is a problem with your eyes there is a specialist, for your ears another specialist, or if your foot is injured or if your stomach is upset, there are different specialists.
In the West there is a joke that in the Twenty-First Century a man went to an eye specialist. The doctor asked him, “Which eye needs to be treated, the right or the left eye? Because I am a specialist only for the right eye!” Such a thing is possible because things are being divided more and more.