India has great records. India has been interested in philosophizing – it does not write history, it writes philosophy. It does not write ordinary things of life, it writes myth. It is not interested in history at all, its whole interest is in mythology. And naturally, five thousand years is a long time: if you go on doing a certain thing you become very, very clever at it. But there is something to be understood: there is a difference between the Eastern and the Western approach, and India has become the representative of the East.
There are two possibilities in approaching reality. One is to be logical, to be masculine, to be yang, aggressive. That’s what the West has been doing, that is the Western choice. The Eastern choice is just the opposite: to be feminine, to be intuitive. More emphasis is given to feeling than to thinking, more emphasis is given to the inner than to the outer. These are the two gestalts reality can be reduced to. If you look outside it becomes matter, it appears as matter. It is the same reality. If you look inside it appears as consciousness. It is the same reality.
The East has been searching more on the inside, the West has been searching more on the outside. Naturally, in the West, science has developed immensely, technology has developed greatly. When you look into matter science develops, technology develops. When you look inside science does not develop but philosophizing, poetry, religion. But both are halves, and both, because they are halves, are wrong, lopsided.
Try to understand me: when I say a man is spiritual I mean he flows as easily on the outside as the inside. He is whole. Neither the East nor the West has been spiritual. The West has been materialist and the East has been spiritualist – but not spiritual. The West believes in the philosophy of the outside, the East believes in the philosophy of the inside.
The spiritual person is one who has come to that ultimate synthesis between the outer and the inner, between matter and consciousness, between body and soul. In the real spiritual person East and West meet and disappear. The really spiritual person is neither of the East nor of the West; he is global. Where he exists is not the point. His approach is global because his approach is total. He’s whole, that’s why I call him “holy.” Neither the East is whole nor the West is whole; both have suffered. Both are suffering. They have chosen polarities.
Nobody has chosen the total reality as it is. The total reality is enormous, it contains contradictions – that’s why nobody has chosen it. If you choose the inside you are afraid to choose the outside because they look opposite. You start feeling inconsistent. If you choose the outside, naturally you start denying the inside because they don’t fit. You learn one kind of language – the outer or the inner – and you deny the other kind of language.
Who is a spiritual person? Whom do I call enlightened? I call that man enlightened who is not afraid of this contradictoriness of life, who accepts it, and in that acceptance transcends East-West, transcends matter-mind, transcends all kinds of dualities. Buddha is not Eastern, cannot be. Christ is not Western, cannot be. They have come to that peak of consciousness from where the whole earth is one.