This is why when for the first time the Upanishads were translated in the West and commentaries were written on them, Western thinkers said that the Upanishads seem to be immoral. In his famous translation, Dewson has expressed his doubt about there being any moral teaching in the Upanishads. Unlike the Bible, there are no clear-cut instructions in the Upanishads – do not steal, do not cheat, do not commit adultery. Dewson’s doubt is right, but his understanding is totally wrong. But Dewson is right in saying that in the Upanishads there is nothing like the Ten Commandments of the Bible: do this and don’t do that.
Actually, the Upanishad says nothing about “doing”. It says, “Be this.” Doing is secondary, action is secondary – being is the primary thing. It does not say, “Do good, don’t do evil”. It says, “Be merged with the divine. Then good will happen through you but that will not be your concern. Then no evil will happen through you but you will not have to do anything to prevent it.”
The concept of the Upanishads is that as long as you have to make an effort to stop any bad action, the bad is still in you. As long as you have to make some effort to do good, the good is not natural to you. It is not your real treasure; it is just false, hypocritical, shallow. As long as you have to make an effort, no light is lit within you.
The Upanishads say that if your being, your very soul, is transformed, then your behavior will automatically change. You have not to worry about it. It is just like a shadow that follows a man and he does not have to turn around to see if it is following or not; he does not have to take care of the shadow, it just follows. In the same way, behavior follows – your behavior will be in accord with your being.
So what should be changed, your behavior or your being?
Ordinary scriptures say to change your behavior. The extraordinary scriptures say that your being should be transformed. Ordinary scriptures are written with the understanding of the ordinary man in mind; the extraordinary scripture is written with the view of the man’s ultimate potential.
The Upanishads are extraordinary scriptures. They are the final statements: nothing more can be said or added to them.
“The ultimate reality can be known only by the pure mind. In this world, there is only the ultimate reality.”
As the mind becomes more pure, the world will be seen more and more as one reality. Because of the impure mind the world seems to consist of many diverse realities. The impurities of the mind divide reality into many fragments and the mind itself becomes fragmented because of its impurity.